Thursday, January 31, 2008
2/3 cup sliced carrot
1/2 cup diced onion
2 garlic cloves, minced
3 cups fat free broth (beef, chicken or vegetable)
1 1/2 cups diced green cabbage
1/2 cup green beans
1 tbsp tomato paste
1/2 tsp dried basil
1/4 tsp dried oregano
1/4 tsp salt
1/2 cup diced zucchini
1. In a large sauce pan sprayed with non stick spray, saute the carrot, onion and garlic over low heat until softened about 5 mins.
2. add broth, cabbage, beans,tomato paste, basil, oregano, and salt. Bring to a boil. Lower heat and simmer, covered, about 15 mins or until beans are tender.
3. stir in zucchini and heat 3-4 mins.
Saturday, January 26, 2008
1 (5 to 6 pound) or 2kg roasting chicken
Freshly ground black pepper
1 large bunch fresh thyme plus 20 sprigs
1 lemon, halved
1 head garlic cut in half crosswise
(1/4 stick) butter melted
1 large yellow onion
4 carrots cut into 2-inch chunks
1 bulb of fennel, tops removed, and cut into wedges
Preheat the oven to 425 degrees F or 220degrees celcius. Remove the chicken giblets. Rinse the chicken inside and out. Remove any excess fat and leftover pin feathers and pat the outside dry. Liberally salt and pepper the inside of the chicken. Stuff the cavity with the bunch of thyme, both halves of lemon, and all the garlic. Brush the outside of the chicken with the butter and sprinkle again with salt and pepper. Tie the legs together with kitchen string and tuck the wing tips under the body of the chicken. Place the onions, carrots, and fennel in a roasting pan. Toss with salt, pepper, 20 sprigs of thyme, and olive oil. Spread around the bottom of the roasting pan and place the chicken on top. Roast the chicken for 1 1/2 hours, or until the juices run clear when you cut between a leg and thigh. Remove the chicken and vegetables to a platter and cover with aluminum foil for about 20 minutes. Slice the chicken onto a platter and serve it with the vegetables.
Tuesday, January 22, 2008
1 can black beans
1 can navy beans
1 can kidney beans
1 can corn
1 large avocado, chopped into small pieces
1 large tomato, chopped into small pieces
1 bottle Italian dressing
Add beans and corn to strainer and rinse with water. Drain excess liquid. In a medium size bowl add bean and corn mixture, avocado and tomato. Stir in whole bottle of Italian dressing. Serve with Tortilla chips
Wednesday, January 9, 2008
2-2.5lb. or 1 kg fillet
2 cloves garlic, slivered
1 teaspoon or 5ml dry mustard
1/2 teaspoon or 2ml paprika
2 Tablepoons or 25ml vegetable oil
Salt and milled black pepper
1 onion, chopped
8 ounces or 200g mushrooms, wiped and sliced
6 sprigs thyme, chopped
1/2 cup or 125ml red cooking wine
1/2 teaspoon or 2 ml each salt and sugar
Sour cream (optional)
Spike meat all over with garlic. Rub with mustard and paprika and brown gently on all sides in hot oil.Transfer to small roasting pan that is a little larger than the meat, and season lightly.In the same pan, fry onion, mushrooms and thyme. When beginning to brown, remove from stove and add wine,Salt and sugar. Pour over fillet and roast at 325 degrees farenhiet or 160 C for about 1 hour 10 minutes for rare. Remove meat to serving platter and stand in warm place for 5 minutes. Serve the gravy thickened, reduced, or with the addition of a little sour cream.
Wednesday, January 2, 2008
What is yeast? We know that bakers use it to make the dough 'rise'; without it, our bread would be like flat, hard cakes. In the days when people made their own bread, they would go to a brewer and get a jug of brewer's yeast. It was fluid and yellow. Nowadays, yeast is made commercially on a large scale. The yeast you buy at your market, the yellow lumps done up in paper, has been compressed for convenient handling.
Commercial yeast is a by-product of the whisky distillers. If you are a yeast producer your by-product will be methylated spirits.
Yeast is a plant, according to the biologists, and is capable of reproducing itself. A piece of yeast consists of minute cells, with walls composed of cellulose, and an interior of living matter called protoplasm. You can feed it with a solution of sugar to make it grow, or it can be 'killed' by 'starvation' or heat. The ancients did not use yeast as we know it today; they prepared a leaven or 'barm' (which has the same action) from ground millet kneaded with 'must' out of wine-tubs. Wheat bran was also used, kneaded with a three-days-old must, dried in the sun, then made into little cakes. When required for making bread, the cakes were soaked in water, then boiled with the finest flour, after which the whole was mixed in with the meal. Another old method for making barm was to prepare cakes of barley meal and water; these were baked on a hot hearth, or else in an earthen dish upon hot ashes and left until they turned reddish-brown. Afterwards, the cakes were kept shut up in a vessel until they turned quite sour. When wanted for leaven, they were first steeped in water. Eight ounces of this was enough to make a quantity of bread of about 14 lb. or 6.3kg to rise.
The primary function of yeast is to supply carbon dioxide gas which inflates the dough during proof and the early stages of baking (oven spring).
Carbon dioxide cannot form a gas bubble on its own it requires a 'nucleating site' (i.e. somewhere it can gather to form a bubble). In fizzy drinks microscopic projections on the side of the bottle provide those sites which is why when you release the pressure as you open the bottle you see 'streams' of gas running from the sides. In bread dough the nucleating sites are provided by the nitrogen gas bubbles trapped in the dough during mixing. The oxygen from the air having been used up by the yeast.
During proof stages the carbon dioxide goes into solution until the solution is saturated and then any more which is generated makes its way into the nitrogen gas bubbles which grow in size and the dough expands. The more yeast and the warmer the temperature the faster the expansion - we get oven spring because the maximum gassing rate occurs at 40-45C.
In bulk fermentation stages we also get dough expansion from carbon dioxide generation but most of that is lost when the dough is knocked back and divided, so the yeast has to start over again.
Yeast also contributes to dough maturity/development. Though its role is minor compared to in improvers no-time doughs, it is more significant in bulk fermentation where the enzymes, especially the proteolytic ones (they modify the gluten proteins), play a significant role.
To sum up, then, the dough is aerated by the action of the yeast. The little cells we mentioned ferment the dough, and produce tiny bubbles of gas inside it. As a result, the dough gets fatter and bigger, and rises, of course. Thus when the dough is baked, you have a 'bold' loaf, light and airy; when you cut it you can see all the tiny holes formed by the gas, so that it looks like a sponge.
2 cups or 480mL warm water
2/3 cup or 80g nonfat dry milk (instant or non instant)
2 tablespoons or 15g dry yeast
1/4 cup or 50g sugar
2 teaspoons or 2 pinch's of salt
1/3 cup or 80g butter
5-6 cups or 500-600mg flour, or bread flour
In a large bowl of electric mixer, combine water and milk powder. Stir until milk dissolves. Add yeast, then sugar, salt, butter, egg and 2 cups or 200g flour. Mix at low speed of mixer until ingredients are wet, then for 2 minutes at medium speed. Add 2 cups or 200g flour, mix on low speed until ingredients are wet and then for two minutes at medium speed. (Dough will vbe getting stiff and remaining flour may need to be mixed by hand.) Add about 1/2 cup or 55g flour and mix again, by hand or mixer. Dough should be soft, not overly sticky, and not stiff. (It is not necessary to use the entire amount of flour)
Scrape dough off sides of bowl and pour about one tablespoon of vegetable oil around sides of bowl. Turn dough over in vegetable oil all around sides of bowl so it is covered with oil. (This helps prevent dough from drying out.) Cover with plastic and allow to rise in warm place until double in size. Sprinkle cutting board or counter with flour and place dough on floured board. Roll out and cut rolls into desired shape and size. Place on greased (or parchement lined) baking pans. Let rise in warm place until rolls are double in size (about 1-11/2 hours).
Bake at 375 degrees fareinhiet or 190 degrees celcius for 15-20 minutes or until browned. Brush with melted butter while hot. Makes 1 to 1 1/2 dozen Rolls.